I spent hundreds of thousands of yuan to study abroad. When I went back to China to apply for a job, I often hit the wall. I couldn’t even compare with the domestic college graduates. I wonder if you have seen it?
Recently, a survey report from Princeton University showed that the probability of China's “sea returnees” receiving a reply when returning to China is not even as good as that of a domestic university.
"Sea return" no longer eats incense?
According to foreign media reports on April 11, Dr. Mingyu Chen from Princeton University's research shows that in China, local university graduates are more likely to get a reply when they apply for a job than from a US university's "sea return", even from the United States. Job seekers who graduated from prestigious schools have received more responses than Chinese general university job seekers.
Dr. Chen has sent more than 27,000 “fictional” resumes with Chinese university backgrounds to some Chinese companies. He found that these “job seekers” are on average 18% less likely to receive responses than Chinese school graduates, even if In the United States, the response rate is still 7% lower, but in some foreign companies, the gap between “sea returnees” and “local students” is smaller.
Studies have shown that “sea return” is “cold” in the Chinese workplace because recruiters doubt the quality of American college graduates. Whether the “sea returnee” applicant has work experience in the United States or his college entrance examination score has no effect on the employment response rate. For the reasons for this difference, Dr. Chen proposed two conjectures:
1. Students who graduate from American universities have more and better choices and will not be comfortable with working in a company for a long time.
2. Chinese companies do not know enough about university education in the United States, and recruitment experience in this area is not enough.
In order to confirm his conjecture, Dr. Chen also conducted a questionnaire survey of 260 hiring managers in China. He gave these hiring managers some of the same resumes, but the graduate schools were different, but 80% of the hiring managers chose Chinese university graduate job seekers to interview.
When asked why they chose Chinese university graduates, 35% of hiring managers believe that the main reason is that American university job seekers have better choices, they are more likely to quit and it is difficult to stabilize. Another 35% of hiring managers believe that Chinese university graduates are more suitable for company positions. Only 7% believe that the quality of education in Chinese universities is better. For some hiring managers who have an understanding of American universities, this gap will narrow.
According to a report by the South China Morning Post, a survey conducted by a think tank in Beijing last year found that 80% of returning students said their salaries were lower than expected, and 70% said they had positions with them. The experience and skills are not commensurate.
Over 80% of international students return home after graduation
In recent years, withDomestic economyThe level of development is constantly improving, and more and more overseas students choose to return to work and work.
According toPeople's Network(603000,Medical stockAccording to reports, the Ministry of Education recently released statistics on the number of Chinese students studying abroad in 2018. The data shows that in 2018, the total number of overseas students studying abroad in China was 662,100, of which 30,200 were sent by the state, 35,600 were public, and 596,300 were studying at their own expense.
The total number of returned overseas students was 519,400, of which 25,300 were sent by the state, 26,500 were sent by the unit, and 467,600 were studied at their own expense.
Compared with the statistics of 2017 in the year of 2018, the number of students studying abroad increased by 53,700, an increase of 8.83%; the number of students returning to study increased by 38,500, an increase of 8.00%.
From 1978 to the end of 2018, a total of 585,700 overseas students were studying abroad. Among them, 1.533 million people are studying and researching at relevant stages abroad; 4,323,200 people have completed their studies; 3,516,400 people choose to return to China after completing their studies, accounting for 84.46% of the completed academic groups.
In recent years, the overseas environment has not been as friendly to the Chinese as it used to be. For example, the United States has tightened the long-term work visa policy such as H-1B, which has increased the difficulty for international talents to work in the United States. The overall overseas environment is not optimistic about the employment situation of Chinese talents.
In comparison, in recent years, the domestic increase in the introduction of overseas talents has formed a great "stretch". At present, the state and governments at all levels continue to optimize policies that attract overseas talents to return to China and follow up on talent services, such as housing convenience, entrepreneurial support, and housing subsidies.
When overseas students were asked why they were considering returning to China, the opinion of 58.13% of international students was: optimistic about the domestic economic situation. They believe that the domestic industry trends are more ideal, showing that a benign workplace development space is the main appeal of overseas talents.
At the same time, the increase in domestic job opportunities is also an important factor for international students to return to China, which coincides with the “stretch” of the domestic market. In addition, family, domestic environmental culture, and domestic entrepreneurial environment are also important factors in attracting overseas students to return to China.
How is the "sea return" treatment?
According to the Global Intelligence Think Tank (CCG) and the Zhilian recruitment release of the "2018 China Returnees Employment and Entrepreneurship Survey Report", the United Kingdom and the United States have the largest number of "sea turtles", accounting for 19% and 18% respectively.
The professional distribution of “sea returnees” is also concentrated. In the most recent majors studying abroad, economics and business studies accounted for the highest proportion, reaching 43%.
According to hunting overseasBig DataAccording to the "Report on the Return of Overseas Students in 2018" published by the Institute, most of the "sea turtles" are in the aura of "high education." From 2015 to now, the returnees with master's degree have always been the main group of returnees, accounting for more than 70%.
However, after returning to China, the treatment of international students seems to be unable to meet their expectations.
In terms of income, the returnees who believe that the income is higher than or even higher than expected are less than 1%; only 19% of the returnees believe that the work income is basically in line with expectations; the proportion of returnees who believe that the income level is lower than expected and far lower than expected is 49 respectively. % and 31%.
From the perspective of monthly salary, nearly 70% of the “sea returnees” have a monthly income of more than 6,000 yuan. However, from a single comparison, the group with 6000 yuan and below accounted for the highest proportion, 33%.
From the perspective of annual salary, the average annual salary of more than 60% of “sea returnees” is less than 100,000 yuan, and the average annual salary of 80% of “sea returnees” is about 200,000 yuan.
Despite this, the salary of “sea turtles” has some advantages compared with domestic students. The above survey shows that the average salary level of domestic college students is 4,317 yuan (2017), and in the undergraduate colleges, “double-class” hospitals The monthly income of the 2017 graduates is 5,691 yuan, and the monthly income of the 2017 graduates of non-"double-class" undergraduate colleges is 4,590 yuan.
Perhaps the "unwillingness" of the "sea turtles" is justified. After all, the cost of studying for themselves is much higher than that of students who are going to school in China.
According to the global study abroad cost list released by TIMES, the cost of several foreign students studying in China is not low.
The total cost of the master's degree in the UK is about 36,000 pounds.Renminbi320,000 yuan), the total cost of the United States is about 47,000Dollar(about 310,000 yuan), Canada's total cost is about 25,000 Canadian dollars (about 130,000 yuan), the total cost of Australia is 55,000 Australian dollars (about 260,000 yuan).
According to this cost, most international students usually have to work for 2-3 years to earn the cost of studying abroad. This also makes many people feel that studying abroad is not worthwhile.
However, many people believe that studying abroad is mainly to experience different cultures, different education systems, broaden their horizons, and it is not worthwhile to judge the cost of studying abroad by the salary of returning students.