Seeing the news that the city settlement restrictions have been released, I believe many people have begun to secretly find the next stop on their own life path.
Inadvertently, the Yangtze River Delta once again stood on the vent.
As the most dynamic economic region in China, the Yangtze River Delta contributes nearly 20% of the country's GDP with 2.2% of the country's land area and 11% of the country's population. It also has 16 national GDP “trillion clubs” cities. 5 of them.Because of this, the Yangtze River Delta has always been a place where talents are competing.
Among the provinces and cities, Shanghai is not allowed to be a big brother, but it is controlling the population size;Anhui still needs to work hard, and Jiangsu and Zhejiang will become the scent of attracting talents, especially in Hangzhou and Nanjing.
In fact, these two cities with CP sense have always been a lot of topics, and the two are stubborn and weak.This article will conduct an in-depth analysis based on 10 dimensions, and give a simple score, and also provide a reference for those who intend to settle down.
First of all, of course, the economic status of a city is determined. From the perspective of economic aggregates, the gap between the two has always been very weak. Specifically, Hangzhou's GDP broke through the trillion mark in 2015, and Nanjing has caught up with it one year later and ranks among the “trillion clubs”; in 2018, the economic scale of Hangzhou and Nanjing was 1.35 trillion yuan respectively. 1.27 trillion yuan, ranking 10th and 11th in the GDP rankings of cities across the country, the degree of glue can be seen(See Figure 1).
It is worth noting that in terms of growth rate, Hangzhou has been declining for the past three years, and Nanjing has been climbing for two consecutive years. Therefore, in the short term, the gap between Nanjing and Hangzhou is likely to further narrow, and it is not even ruled out. may.
If GDP is the “face” of the city, then the fiscal revenue is the “lizi” of the city. According to the financial income of major cities in 2018 according to the first financial statistics, the money bags of Hangzhou and Nanjing performed equally well, with growth rates of 16.44% and 15.57% respectively, ranking 7th and 10th respectively in major cities.(See Table 1).
in conclusion:In terms of economic strength, Hangzhou has 10 points, Nanjing has 9 points, and Hangzhou wins.
The statistical indicators of the total amount are not enough to fully reflect the strength of a city, because it will be affected by a series of factors such as the population base, so it is necessary to make some judgments on the per capita economic indicators.
Although Hangzhou's economy has the upper hand, the per capita GDP is better in Nanjing. The data shows that since 2016, Nanjing’s per capita GDP has been higher than that of Hangzhou, and it has gradually expanded.(See Figure 2). According to international standards, the per capita GDP reaches 20,000DollarThe above is the primary developed countries. If it reaches more than 30,000 US dollars, it will be a moderately developed country. In this way, both Hangzhou and Nanjing have reached developed standards, and economic development is extremely basic and emboldened.
However, in a strict sense, per capita GDP does not fully reflect the living conditions of residents, and it is more appropriate to use disposable income and expenditure. In these two indicators, Hangzhou is ahead of Nanjing.(See Figure 3)It shows that Hangzhou's economic development is of higher quality and residents have a stronger sense of acquisition. Therefore, the overall economic strength of Hangzhou is still slightly stronger than that of Nanjing.
in conclusion:In terms of residents' living conditions, Hangzhou has 10 points, Nanjing has 9 points, and Hangzhou has won.
After analyzing the scale of the economy, look at the industry.
The current industrial structure of the two cities shows a "three two one" trend, andTertiary IndustryThe proportion of GDP is more than 60%.
It is worth noting that the tertiary industry in Hangzhou is developing very rapidly, and its share has increased from 46% in 2008 to 64% in 2018, which is related to the Internet andReal estate industryGreat development;In contrast, Nanjing’s secondary industry accounted for 36.83% in 2018, which is higher than Hangzhou’s 33.8%, suggesting that Nanjing’sindustryOccupy an important position in economic development.
Further comparison of the total industrial output value of the two cities, we can see that Nanjing surpassed Hangzhou in 2013 and has remained ahead since then.(See Figure 4)This is due to the developed heavy industry and manufacturing industry in Nanjing. In practice, Nanjingnew energy vehicles,new materialThe advanced manufacturing sector has been performing very well and has gradually become a leading industry in the region. The report released by the Ministry of Education's major project on philosophy and social sciences pointed out that Nanjing ranks first among the top ten cities in China's manufacturing industry, confirming that the real economy of Nanjing is more solid.
As for the tertiary industry, you can choose to represent the two areas of finance and the Internet. In the former case, in 2017, Nanjing’s financial sector accounted for nearly 12% of GDP, which is higher than Hangzhou’s 8%, and it will remain ahead of its absolute size after 2014.(See Figure 5). In fact, in China(Shenzhen)In the “China Financial Center Index” evaluation issued by the Comprehensive Development Research Institute, Nanjing’s financial industry performance ranks fourth in domestic cities, second only to Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen.
On the Internet, sitting on the InternetAliHangzhou, the two giants of Baba and Netease, clearly has an absolute advantage, while Nanjing is relatively weak.
in conclusion:In the leading industry, two cities represent different economic development models, and Nanjing’s real economy is stronger, HangzhouNew economyBetter, the importance of the two for the development of the national economy is equal, both are 9 points, tied.
Population size and structure
In economic activities, people are the most important factor. In terms of scale, the permanent residents of Hangzhou and Nanjing in 2018 were 98.06 million and 8.346 million, respectively, both of which met the “mega city” standard.(See Figure 6)At the same time, the population size of the two shows a trend of increasing year by year, reflecting the strong economic vitality of the two cities.
Look at the demographic structure. In recent years, the aging population of Hangzhou and Nanjing is gradually deepening. According to the household registration statistics, the proportion of population aged 65 and over in Hangzhou and Nanjing reached 14.64% and 14.07%, respectively, which met the “deep aging” standard in the international standard.(ie, older people over the age of 65 account for more than 14%)While Hangzhou is relatively more serious, this burden on the future economic growth of the city should not be underestimated.
in conclusion:In terms of population size and structure, the two cities have a score of 8 points.
Enterprises are an endogenous force in regional economic development. The "economic miracle" cannot be separated from outstanding enterprises and entrepreneurs.
According to the 2018 Fortune China Top 500 list released by Fortune.com, 17 companies in Hangzhou entered the list, while 12 in Nanjing.(See Table 2, Table 3). In addition, compared with the overall ranking of the top ten companies in the two cities, the total revenue and the total market value, Hangzhou is far better than Nanjing.
On this basis, we can further examine the development of private economy in the two cities. After all, the private economy is an important reference indicator for measuring the economic vitality and creativity of a city.
The development of the private economy in Hangzhou is obvious to all. In Table 3, it is almost a private enterprise.In another list of "Top 20 Chinese Private Enterprises in 2018", Hangzhou has 36 companies, which ranks first in the country for 16 consecutive times, while only 11 in Nanjing.
In addition, as of the end of 2018, Hangzhou had 172 listed companies, ranking the fourth in the country, second only to Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen, while Nanjing had only 84;There are 23 unicorn companies with a valuation of more than US$1 billion in Zhejiang Province and 22 in Hangzhou.
However, it cannot be assumed that the overall strength of Nanjing enterprises is much less than that of Hangzhou. This has a lot to do with the different industrial structures of the two cities and the leading industries.As can be seen from Table 3, Nanjing's industrial competitiveness is mainly reflected in the service industry, such as trade and finance, while Hangzhou is more like a manufacturing city before the rise of Alibaba.At the same time, the service industry is relatively more dispersed, and it is not easy to form a monopoly. Naturally, it is more difficult to come up with some particularly large enterprises;Manufacturing is different, it is easy to concentrate resources and strength, and form a scale effect, so there are more large enterprises.
in conclusion:In terms of business comparison, Hangzhou has 10 points, Nanjing has 7 points, and Hangzhou wins.
Urban economic development is not separatedOpen baseInfrastructure construction, and transportation is a valuable measure.
In terms of airport construction, Hangzhou has a heavyweight Xiaoshan International Airport.By the end of 2018, the airport had opened 292 routes, including 51 international routes and 7 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan routes.aviationPassenger throughput reached 38.24 million passengers, and cargo and mail throughput was 641,000 tons, up 7.5% and 8.7% respectively.
In contrast, the air passenger throughput of Nanjing Lukou Airport is less than 30 million, and the cargo and mail throughput is less than half of Xiaoshan Airport.
In terms of subway operations, up to now, there are 3 subway lines in Hangzhou, with an operating mileage of 118 kilometers and an average daily passenger flow of more than 1.5 million passengers.In order to meet the 2022 Asian Games, the total length of the Hangzhou Metro construction is about 330 kilometers, which will form the subway line 1 to 10.
In contrast, the Nanjing Metro has opened 10 subway lines with a total mileage of 378 kilometers.(See Figure 7)The total length of the line is the fourth in the country.(after Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou). In 2018, the average daily passenger traffic of the Nanjing Metro reached 3.4 million passengers. By 2030, the Nanjing Metro plans to build 25 subway lines with a total length of 1011.2 kilometers. It can be seen that Nanjing has a more complete subway network, which has produced great benefits in relieving traffic pressure in the city and building a city bus network.
From the overall public transportation comfort, Hangzhou is limited by natural and geographical conditions, the urban area is small, and there are many tourist attractions, resulting in a relatively fragmented urban space, and the links between the various functional sectors are relatively close;Coupled with the rapid expansion of urban population and vehicles, traffic congestion can be described as normal, and traffic travel comfort is not as good as Nanjing.
in conclusion:Transportation, Hangzhou 7 points, Nanjing 9 points, Nanjing wins.
Culture is the most significant IP in the city and directly determines its humanistic charm;The environmental experience is even more of a city's face, which directly determines the goodwill of foreigners.
Hangzhou has been a picturesque city since ancient times, and its cultural atmosphere is extremely strong.Since the Tang Dynasty, Hangzhou has been carrying the infinite imagination of the literati and the enthusiasm of Jiangnan. It is the so-called "Jiangnan recall, the most memory is Hangzhou."
At the same time, Hangzhou has 109 A-level scenic spots, including 3 5A(Hangzhou West Lake Scenic Area, Qiandao Lake Scenic Area, Xixi Wetland Tourist Area)In 2018, the total tourism revenue reached 358.91 billion yuan, an increase of 18.0%, and the total number of tourists was 184 million, an increase of 13.0%.
As for Nanjing, “Jiangnan Jialidi, Jinling Emperor State”, Nanjing, as the ancient capital, is no less than Hangzhou in terms of cultural charm and historical heritage. In the Confucius Temple, the scholars drink alcohol and poetry; on the banks of the Qinhuai River, the sound of the squeaky sounds; the ordinary life in the old alleys and the winding winds of the Republic of China... The bones of Nanjing still maintain the elegance of being unsettled. 56 national A-level scenic spots, 2 5A-level scenic spots(Zhongshan Scenic Area, Confucius Temple Qinhuai River Scenery Belt)It also supports Nanjing's status as an excellent tourist city in China and a national historical and cultural city.
According to the "2018 City Cultural Travel New Gravity Ranking" released by the First Financial, Hangzhou and Nanjing ranked seventh and eighth.One is the graceful "Jiangnan Intention", and the other is the deep "Ten Dynasty Metropolis", but it is hard to distinguish.
in conclusion:In the humanistic environment, considering the status of Nanjing's ancient capital, Hangzhou is 9 points, Nanjing is 10 points, and Nanjing is winning.
Science and education strength
Science and education is a city's talent pool and intellectual resources, which determines the long-term competitiveness of a city to a considerable extent.
In terms of Hangzhou, there is currently a 211/985 college---Zhejiang University, in addition to China Academy of Fine Arts, Zhejiang Communication University and other special institutions.
In contrast, Nanjing is a city with extremely rich educational resources. There are 211 and 985 universities, many of which are famous universities such as Nanjing University and Southeast University. In the ranking of the top two universities in China, Nanjing is second only to “Education First City”. Beijing(29)And the international metropolis Shanghai(13)Ranked third in the country by the number of 12(See Table 4)It is enough to see the strength of its science and education.
in conclusion:Science and education strength, Hangzhou 8 points, Nanjing 10 points, Nanjing wins.
Technology is the primary productive force, and its importance is self-evident.
Hangzhou's technological strength is more reflected in the enterprise level, especially holding the Alibaba ace.In fact, Ali's contribution to Hangzhou is not only to bring the Internet, but more importantly, to fundamentally change the urban temperament of Hangzhou, from a manufacturing city to a technology city.Today's Hangzhou is already an important part of the global Internet and global data network.
Nanjing's scientific and technological strength is reflected in basic research.Thanks to the rich and high-quality educational resources of the local, Nanjing's scientific research level is very close to the country.
According to the "2018 Nature Index-Scientific Research City" released by the British "Nature" Supplement, Nanjing ranks 12th among the top 50 global research cities, and ranks third in China, second only to Beijing and Shanghai;Hangzhou is only ranked 33rd on the list.It can be seen that the title of “Tianxiashu” in Nanjing is by no means a name.
in conclusion:At the level of science and technology, taking into account the significance of basic research, Hangzhou 8 points, Nanjing 9 points.
In the past two years, Hangzhou and Nanjing have been quite eye-catching in the nationwide “grabbing war”.However, when the settlement is no longer a problem, then it is necessary to rely on the city's attractiveness to win more talents.
Specifically, according to the “Talent Attraction Report” issued by the online recruitment platform BOSS, in terms of salary, the average monthly salary of the 50-city white-collar workers in the fourth quarter of 2018 is 8,317 yuan, and the average monthly salary of Hangzhou is close to the million-yuan mark. The ranking is closely followed, but in absolute terms it is slightly lower than Hangzhou; in terms of talent attraction index, Hangzhou is 2.79, which has ranked the top two in the country for three consecutive quarters, while Nanjing ranks seventh with 1.98.(See Table 5), obviously behind Hangzhou.
in conclusion:City attraction, Hangzhou 10 points, Nanjing 8 points, Hangzhou win.
On the whole, Hangzhou has obvious advantages in economic strength, corporate vitality and urban attractiveness, while Nanjing is superior in science and education strength, scientific research level and cultural heritage. Both can be said to have their own merits.
As for who's comprehensive strength is stronger, the answer is actually not that important.However, if you have to reach a final conclusion, then you may wish to refer to the sum of the scores of the above indicators - Hangzhou 89 points, Nanjing 88 points, Hangzhou's comprehensive strength is slightly stronger.
Of course, the author's points will inevitably be subjective and not authoritative, but one thing is beyond doubt:Both cities have achieved metamorphosis, and this is not the case.
Yesterday's Hangzhou contributed silk, tea, porcelain and poetic "West Lake Culture" to the world, and now it is going global as an important pole of the global Internet, and output can represent China's wisdom.cloud computing,Big DataversusMobile payment;
In the past, Nanjing showed the Chinese civilization, poetry and paintings and colorful lifestyles to the world. Nowadays, it is holding the advanced manufacturing and cutting-edge achievements to go abroad.
At this point, you are reading an article, which city do you want to choose?
(Author:Suning Financial Research InstituteSenior researcher Fu Yifu, intern Zhu Lina)